Indonesia Senior High School
SMA (Sekolah Menengah Atas) is the name used in some parts of Indoneasian to describe an institution that provides all or part of “senior high school” education. The term “high school” refers to secondary and third school from years 7 to 12 for the young age 12 t0 15. Some of country define high school as secondary schools begin at Year 8 instead. Unlike most of the other countries, such as Asian and American education systems, there is no concept of a separate institution between elementary and high school.
High schools are split into the “junior” years (7-9) and the “senior” years (10-12). The junior high school, known locally as Sekolah Menengah Pertama or abbreviated by SMP, and the other part which is senior high school, known locally as Sekolah Menengah Atas and in other terms, Sekolah Menengah Umum which abbreviated as SMA and SMU. There is also one institution similar to SMA, but they were focusing on one specific career major which is known as Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan or SMK. Unfortunately, citizens of Indonesia currently looking down of SMK graduates and they were not preferable to be attended by students. Junior high is a must for all citizens of Indonesia while Senior high is not a must as Indonesia currently applying nine years of study to all citizens. It is managed by the Department of Education in Indonesia and stated in the Indonesia constitution where every citizens have the right to study. Graduate students from SMP and SMA or SMU and also SMK are achieving different educational certificate. All students of Indonesian high school must passed in the National Examination held by government. Students have the choice to leave school at year 12 or at ages 17 to 19, or continue through Year 12. All students finish years 12 in order to align with university requirements.